Jack Russell Terrier
Jack Russell Terriers are feisty, energetic
dogs that gained popularity with the advent of the
Wishbone series. However, in real life, these dogs are not
exactly like the famous Wishbone. This dog breed is all
terrier, and sometimes a Jack Russell's temperament can be
overwhelming for inexperienced dog owners.
The Jack Russell Terrier is also called the Parson Russell
Terrier, because this breed was created by a parson – Reverend
Jack Russell. He bred these dogs to chase down foxes. He wanted
the dogs to be small enough to fit into the space the fox was
hiding in, so he kept them small.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a member of
the American Kennel Club's Terrier Group. However, the AKC
calls these dogs Parson's Russell Terriers to differentiate
them from British Jack Russells. This is necessary because the
AKC feels that these dogs should have long legs, while British
breeders prefer dogs with shorter legs.
Jack Russell Terriers are small, but strong dogs. Their dark
almond shaped eyes have a bright eyed, alert appearance. While
most Jack Russells have short coats, there are rough coated
dogs, as well. These dogs always are more than half white. The
rest of their body has a combination of tan, black and brown
markings. The short tail of the Jack Russell Terrier is carried
straight up, but is rarely still, as this breed is almost
always enthusiastically wagging its tail over something. These
dogs weigh in at 13 to 17 pounds and stand 10 to 15 inches
The Jack Russell Terrier is a very high energy dog. Despite
it's small size, this dog does not do well in apartments or
small spaces. This dog thinks it is much larger than it really
is and will work until it wears out. A Jack Russell needs a
securely fenced yard. Jack Russells will go over, under, and
around obstacles to escape when they are bored. They will even
Jack Russells enjoy living in the midst of an active family,
as long as they aren't overlooked in the bustle of family life.
They love plenty of attention and thrive on playing games with
children, such as chasing down and retrieving balls.
You should make sure you don't neglect obedience training
because of the Jack Russell's small size. These dogs need the
structure that commands provide. Puppy classes will also help
you socialize your puppy, so he learns to play well with other
Jack Russells can suffer from eye and ear problems,
including deafness. However, overall, this is a healthy
Feeding a Jack Russell is not too expensive, as these dogs
do not eat large quantities of food. However, if your dog
becomes hyper, you may want to consult your veterinarian about
using a lower protein food.
Smooth coated Jack Russells need very little grooming.
However, rough coated dogs should be groomed at least once a
week. Be sure to check regularly your dog's nails to be sure
they aren't too long.
The Jack Russell can be a fun family pet. As long as your
family isn't filled with couch potatoes, the Jack Russell may
be the perfect breed for you.